L4D2 Level Design/Scavenge Finale

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<Left 4 Dead 2> Scavenge finales consist of an arena where infected attempt to stop survivors from filling up an escape vehicle with gas cans scattered throughout the map. Versus mode scoring depends on the number of gas cans filled during a round. Compared to a standard finale, there are some additional entities and a reliance on vscripts in order for scavenge finale to work.

Contents

Components

c1m4_atrium decompiled will be used as a reference. Another map is c6m3_port, which also features L4D1 survivors bots. This is a rough list of components involved with scavenge finale:

Note:c1m4_atrium_finale.nut is loaded automatically on finale start. It follows naming convention scripts/vscripts/<map name>_finale.nut

Map

In general, the space needs to provide obstacles between the survivors and the gas cans. The obstacle is typically distance/terrain between the nozzle (point_prop_use_target) and the gas can.

Weapons

Consider that the survivors need starting weapons for when they reach the finale. They still need to be able to stock up for the challenge ahead of them. There should also be weapons and items on the way so that survivors can hold out for a bit to heal or resupply. There will be many different ways someone playing your map will go, for example someone that likes to take their time compared to someone that sparatically runs through your map to try and quickly grab the cans to escape.

Environment

These are merely suggestions:

  • Make branching paths so that the survivors can duck in and out of buildings for supplies or even gascans for the finale.
  • Keep in mind players dont constantly want to have to go down narrow hallways make open areas for large combat scenarios where the survivors can go down a street for example but be attacked by infected spawning in nearby building or special infected attacking them from rooftops.
  • The distance between the gas can and goal is a balance of advantages between two teams.

Scavenge finale entities

  • Firstly you will need a trigger_finale so the survivors can start the finale. In that entity you will find various settings one of these is the finale type it's default is set to standard you will want to change this to scavenge. For now leave the use delay the same but change the first use delay to five seconds so the survivors know what their doing by making a sound play that tells them what to do. (this is not necessary but it does help)
  • Second you want to place a game_scavenge_progress_display and inside it you can change the max value to whatever you want for the purpose of this tutorial We'll make it 8. Then change its name to something unique for ours it will be scav_progshower. Next you will need a math_counter change ts name property to scav_counter. then leave its initial value to 0 but make its max the max that you made so for this tutoial it was 8 and leave it's min value to 0.
  • Third you will need to make the place where you will fill up. This can be anything that looks like a nozzle of some kind, in fact their is a model with this in mind. You will need to place a prop_dynamic then in its model field look up radio_generator_fillup or just generator and look for the model that looks like a nozzle. Place this within reachable distance from the player (player height is about 64 units so The best value will be 45 to 50 units) so not too high or not too low. Set its glow color to the color white or the values 255 255 255.
  • Fourth you will need to place a point_prop_use_target on the nozzle.

Hammer scavtut usetarget.jpg

Then open its properties menu and under the gas nozzle field set that to scav_nozzle. Go to your nozzle and open its properties and set its name field to scav_nozzle. Make sure you parent your nozzle to whatever you are putting it on because if its the escape vehicle itself when it leaves the nozzle will remain there and look farely awkward. Then go back to your point_prop_use_target and open up its output menu then click add

  • My output named: OnUseFinished
  • Targets entities named: Scav_counter
  • Via this input: Add
  • With a parameter override of: +1

Hammer scavtut output.jpeg

Gas cans

Its very simple now, in the entities tab look up weapon_scavenge_item_spawn place it down somewhere go into its properties and change its name to scav_gascans. Then go back to your finale trigger, go into its properties then outputs tab and click add


  • My output named: UseStart
  • Targets entities named: scav_gascans
  • Via this input: TurnGlowsOn


  • My output named: UseStart
  • Targets entities named: scav_nozzle
  • Via this input: StartGlowing


Also go to your entities tab and look up logic_auto go to its outputs tab and click add


  • My output named: OnMapSpawn
  • Targets entities named: scav_gascans
  • Via this input: TurnGlowsOff


click add again and then put the following


  • My output named: OnMapSpawn
  • Targets entities named: scav_progshower
  • Via this input: TurnOff


  • My output named: OnMapSpawn
  • Targets entities named: scav_nozzle
  • Via this input: StopGlowing

Hammer scavtut autooutput.jpeg

Escape vehicle

  • This is usually a prop_dynamic with animations but it really can be anything.


For the purpose of this tutorial we'll just use the c130 for the prop_dynamic escape vehicle. Go to the texture Browser and look up trigger it will look like this:

Hammer scavtut triggertex.jpeg

Make a brush the size of your escape vehicle for us this would be the inside of the c130 and hit enter to crete it then hit ctrl+t to tie to entity and under the class type put in trigger_multiple, give this the name escape_trigger and then set the entire team number to survivor and set start disabled to yes close out of its properties.


Go back to your math_counter and go to the outputs tab click add


  • My output named: OnHitMax
  • Targets entities named: Scav_finale_starter
  • Via this input: FinaleEscapeVehicleReadyForSurvivors
  • Fire Once Only: click the checkbox


  • My output named: OnHitMax
  • Targets entities named: escape_trigger
  • Via this input: Enable
  • Fire Once Only: click the checkbox


  • My output named: OnHitMax
  • Targets entities named: scav_gascans
  • Via this input: TurnGlowsOff
  • Fire Once Only: click the checkbox


  • My output named: OnHitMax
  • Targets entities named: scav_usenozzle
  • Via this input: Kill
  • Fire Once Only: click the checkbox


  • My output named: OnHitMax
  • Targets entities named: scav_nozzle
  • Via this input: StopGlowing
  • Fire Once Only: click the checkbox

Hammer scavtut counteroutputs.jpeg

Then go back to your finale_trigger and change its name field to Scav_finale_starter.

Escape sequence

You will need to make a box outside the reach of your map with 4 info_survivor_position change their orders to one is 1 the next is 2 and so on until you've reached 4. Then change their names to whatever order you put them in so survivor_pos1 survivor_pos2 etc.

Warning:Sometimes there is a problem with spawning outside the map in this box its advisable to not do this.
  • Go to your trigger_escape (the trigger brush you made in the escape vehicle) and go to its outputs and click add


  • My output named: OnEntireTeamStartTouch
  • Targets entities named: Scav_finale_starter
  • Via this input: FinaleEscapeForceSurvivorPositions


  • My output named: OnEntireTeamStartTouch
  • Targets entities named: Scav_finale_starter
  • Via this input: FinaleEscapeFinished

Hammer scavtut escapetrgoutputs.jpeg

Then go back to the texture browser look for clip it will look like this:

Hammer scavtut cliptex.jpeg

Surround the survivor positions outside the reach of your map with this brush and hit enter to create it. Then click crtl+t to tie to entity and under class type in func_brush. Look for Solid BSP: set to yes then find Solidity: set to always solid and change its name to clip_scavend hit apply and close its properties menu.

Go back to your trigger_multiple and in the properties field click add


  • My output named: OnEntireTeamStartTouch
  • Targets entities named: clip_scavend
  • Via this input: Kill


Cover the floor of the escape vehicle with nodraw so you can walk on it and creatnavigation meshes within it. Then in the entities tab look for point_veiwcontrol_multiplayer. Place this somewhere to view your escape vehicle leaving, then open up its properties and in its name field name it outro_cam. Then look for an env_fade entity place 2 of these. In the first one name it fade1 and in its hold time set that to 1 and in its fade out/in set that to .15.

  • What this does is instead of seeing the player and then quickly switching to the camera it allows for a fade to happen the survivors will teleport to their positions and then the veiw will come back to the camera.

In the outputs tab of the first fade click add

  • My output named: OnFade
  • Target entities named: fade2
  • Via this input: Fade
  • After a delay of: 6

Then go back to the trigger_escape that is inside the escape vehicle and go to its outputs click add

  • My output named: OnEntireTeamStartTouch
  • Target entities named: outro_cam
  • Via this input: Enable

Go to the fade2 entity and in its outputs tab click add

  • My output named: OnFade
  • Target entities named: outro_stats
  • Via this input: RollCredits

Then in the intities tab look up env_outro_credits. In its properties set its name field as outro_stats.

Nav mesh

Run your map, once you are in the level hit the tilde key {~} to open the developer console then type Hammer scavtut devconsole.jpeg

  • sv_cheats 1- This allows cheats to be enabled in game
  • noclip- Allows free movement around the map, you will not be blocked by anything
  • nav_edit 1- Enables nav mesh editting
  • z_debug 1- Allows you to see navigation attributes and all zombies on the map
  • director_stop- Stops the director from spawning zombies
  • nb_delete_all- Deletes all npc's on the map

Then go to you finale area and open the developer console and type in

  • nav_mark_walkable- Marks a walkable point in the map marked by a purple pyramid that can be generated into nav meshes
  • nav_generate_incremental- Generates the nav meshes to a certain distance from the nav_mark_walkable

Then make sure you have the areas selected that you want around the finale trigger and far out areas for the zombies to spawn from and type in the developer console

  • mark Finale- This an attribute for nav meshes that is used in the final level of a campaign and is used in conjunction with a trigger_finale
Note:To make the navigation work there must be a navigation mesh marked with the checkpoint attribute.

Hammer scavtut navrescue.jpeg

Then go to your player start area and mark those areas with checkpoint and player start. finally you need to go to your escape vehicle and mark those nav areas inside with rescue vehicle. Hammer scavtut navfinale.jpeg After that is done type in the developer console

  • nav_analyze- this analyzes all the nav meshes and writes a file named "yourmapname".nav in the maps folder of your left4dead2 folder.

This is all you need to make a scavenge finale, I hope this works for all of you.

VScripts

There are three vscripts are involved in this scavenge finale. Note that some code is redundant or commented out, possibly marks of the development process. Included are additional comments:

c1m4_atrium.nut

This script needs to be loaded on MapSpawn manually. It sets the number of gas cans, the default CommonLimit, unblocks the rescue vehicle nav area, and (for some reason) declares the function GasCanPoured().

  • The number of gas cans will decrease if it is a single player game
  • Since human players will be navigating on the rescue vehicle, the rescue vehicle nav area is unblocked.
  • GasCanPoured() will be called either by the director (OnTeamScored) or point_prop_use_target (OnUsedFinished) whenever a gas can is successfully poured.
Msg(" atrium map script "+"\n")
 
// number of cans needed to escape.
 
if ( Director.IsSinglePlayerGame() )
{
	NumCansNeeded <- 8
}
else
{
	NumCansNeeded <- 13
}
 
// This script is called on MapSpawn, so the CommonLimit is for play before the finale start.
DirectorOptions <-
{
 
CommonLimit = 15
 
}
 
NavMesh.UnblockRescueVehicleNav() // Unblock so humans can be rescued when incapped near nozzle
 
EntFire( "progress_display", "SetTotalItems", NumCansNeeded ) //Set number of cans with game_scavenge_progress_display
 
 
function GasCanPoured(){} // Declaration of function, but was moved to main finale script

c1m4_atrium_finale.nut

This script is loaded as soon as the finale is forced to start (when the elevator opens at the lowest floor of the atrium). It contains most of the finale settings and logic.

  • There are multiple finale stages, either onslaught, panic, or tank. The first stage is an onslaught and uses InitialOnslaughtOptions for DirectorOptions. The will end once gas cans are picked up four times or one gas can is successfully poured, leading to a PANIC stage
  • The rest of the onslaughts run off c1m4_delay.nut for DirectorOptions. This onslaught is time dependent and has a lower tolerance for the number of gas can touches before moving to the next stage.
Msg("----------------------FINALE SCRIPT------------------\n")
//-----------------------------------------------------
// Stage type enumerations
PANIC <- 0
TANK <- 1
DELAY <- 2
ONSLAUGHT <- 3
//-----------------------------------------------------
// Initialized tables along with stage settings
 
SharedOptions <-
// Base DirectorOptions
{
 	A_CustomFinale1 = ONSLAUGHT //Will be stopped with input to director, EndCustomScriptedStage
	A_CustomFinaleValue1 = "" //InitialOnslaughtOptions is slightly different from c1m4_delay
 
	A_CustomFinale2 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue2 = 1 //1 PANIC wave
 
	A_CustomFinale3 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue3 = "c1m4_delay" //This onslaught also depends on timer
 
	A_CustomFinale4 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue4 = 1
 
	A_CustomFinale5 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue5 = "c1m4_delay"
 
	A_CustomFinale6 = TANK
	A_CustomFinaleValue6 = 1
 
	A_CustomFinale7 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue7 = "c1m4_delay"
 
 	A_CustomFinale8 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue8 = 1
 
	A_CustomFinale9 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue9 = "c1m4_delay"
 
 	A_CustomFinale10 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue10 = 1
 
	A_CustomFinale11 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue11 = "c1m4_delay"
 
	A_CustomFinale12 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue12 = 1
 
 	A_CustomFinale13 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue13 = "c1m4_delay"
 
	A_CustomFinale14 = TANK
	A_CustomFinaleValue14 = 1 //1 TANK
 
 	A_CustomFinale15 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue15 = "c1m4_delay"
 
	A_CustomFinale16 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue16 = 1  
 
 	A_CustomFinale17 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue17 = "c1m4_delay"    
 
 	A_CustomFinale18 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue18 = 1  
 
 	A_CustomFinale19 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue19 = "c1m4_delay"
 
	A_CustomFinale20 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue20 = 1   
 
 	A_CustomFinale21 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue21 = "c1m4_delay"
 
	A_CustomFinale22 = TANK
	A_CustomFinaleValue22 = 1  
 
 	A_CustomFinale23 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue23 = "c1m4_delay"    
 
 	A_CustomFinale24 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue24 = 1
 
 	A_CustomFinale25 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue25 = "c1m4_delay"
 
	A_CustomFinale26 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue26 = 1   
 
 	A_CustomFinale27 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue27 = "c1m4_delay"
 
	A_CustomFinale28 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue28 = 1  
 
 	A_CustomFinale29 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue29 = "c1m4_delay"    
 
 	A_CustomFinale30 = PANIC
	A_CustomFinaleValue30 = 1
 
 	A_CustomFinale31 = ONSLAUGHT
	A_CustomFinaleValue31 = "c1m4_delay"   
        // End of finale, regardless of gas cans filled
 
	//-----------------------------------------------------
        // More Default DirectorOptions
 
	PreferredMobDirection = SPAWN_LARGE_VOLUME
	PreferredSpecialDirection = SPAWN_LARGE_VOLUME
 
//	BoomerLimit = 0
//	SmokerLimit = 2
//	HunterLimit = 1
//	SpitterLimit = 1
//	JockeyLimit = 0
//	ChargerLimit = 1
 
	ProhibitBosses = true
	ZombieSpawnRange = 3000
	MobRechargeRate = 0.5
	HordeEscapeCommonLimit = 15
	BileMobSize = 15
 
	MusicDynamicMobSpawnSize = 8
	MusicDynamicMobStopSize = 2
	MusicDynamicMobScanStopSize = 1
} 
 
InitialOnslaughtOptions <-
// DirectorOptions for first onslaught
{
    LockTempo = 0
	IntensityRelaxThreshold = 1.1
	RelaxMinInterval = 2
	RelaxMaxInterval = 4
	SustainPeakMinTime = 25
	SustainPeakMaxTime = 30
 
	MobSpawnMinTime = 4
	MobSpawnMaxTime = 8
	MobMinSize = 2
	MobMaxSize = 6
	CommonLimit = 5
 
	SpecialRespawnInterval = 100
}
 
PanicOptions <-
// DirectorOptions when in a PANIC stage
{
 
	MegaMobSize = 0 // randomized in OnBeginCustomFinaleStage
	MegaMobMinSize = 20
	MegaMobMaxSize = 40
 
	CommonLimit = 15
 
	SpecialRespawnInterval = 40
}
 
TankOptions <-
// DirectorOptions when in a TANK stage
{
	ShouldAllowMobsWithTank = true
	ShouldAllowSpecialsWithTank = true
 
	MobSpawnMinTime = 10
	MobSpawnMaxTime = 20
	MobMinSize = 3
	MobMaxSize = 5
 
	CommonLimit = 7
 
	SpecialRespawnInterval = 60
}
 
 
DirectorOptions <- clone SharedOptions
// Start with SharedOptions
{
}
 
 
//-----------------------------------------------------
 
// number of cans needed to escape. again. (Later moved to c1m4_atrium.nut)
NumCansNeeded <- 13
 
// fewer cans in single player since bots do not help much
if ( Director.IsSinglePlayerGame() )
{
	NumCansNeeded <- 8
}
 
// duration of delay stage.
DelayMin <- 10
DelayMax <- 20
 
// Number of touches and/or pours allowed before a delay is aborted.
DelayPourThreshold <- 1
DelayTouchedOrPouredThreshold <- 2
 
 
// Once the delay is aborted, amount of time before it progresses to next stage.
AbortDelayMin <- 1
AbortDelayMax <- 3
 
// Number of touches and pours it takes to transition out of c1m4_finale_wave_1
GimmeThreshold <- 4
 
 
// console overrides
if ( Director.IsPlayingOnConsole() )
{
	DelayMin <- 20
	DelayMax <- 30
 
	// Number of touches and/or pours allowed before a delay is aborted.
	DelayPourThreshold <- 2
	DelayTouchedOrPouredThreshold <- 4
 
	TankOptions.ShouldAllowSpecialsWithTank = false
 
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
//      INIT
//-----------------------------------------------------
 
GasCansTouched          <- 0
GasCansPoured           <- 0
DelayTouchedOrPoured    <- 0
DelayPoured             <- 0
 
EntFire( "timer_delay_end", "LowerRandomBound", DelayMin )
EntFire( "timer_delay_end", "UpperRandomBound", DelayMax )
EntFire( "timer_delay_abort", "LowerRandomBound", AbortDelayMin )
EntFire( "timer_delay_abort", "UpperRandomBound", AbortDelayMax )
 
// this is occurs too late. moved to c1m4_atrium.nut
//EntFire( "progress_display", "SetTotalItems", NumCansNeeded )
 
function AbortDelay(){}  	// only defined during a delay, in c1m4_delay.nut
function EndDelay(){}		// only defined during a delay, in c1m4_delay.nut
 
NavMesh.UnblockRescueVehicleNav() // This is redundant since it was already done once
 
//-----------------------------------------------------
 
function GasCanTouched()
// This is called by weapon_scavenge_item_spawn OnItemPickedUp
{
    GasCansTouched++
    Msg(" Touched: " + GasCansTouched + "\n")   
 
    EvalGasCansPouredOrTouched()    
}
 
function GasCanPoured()
// In this map, it is called by the director OnTeamScored
{
    GasCansPoured++
    DelayPoured++
    Msg(" Poured: " + GasCansPoured + "\n")   
 
    if ( GasCansPoured == NumCansNeeded )
    {
        Msg(" needed: " + NumCansNeeded + "\n") 
        EntFire( "relay_car_ready", "trigger" )
    }
 
    EvalGasCansPouredOrTouched()
}
 
function EvalGasCansPouredOrTouched()
// Evaluate the number of times gas cans poured or touched
{
    TouchedOrPoured <- GasCansPoured + GasCansTouched
    Msg(" Poured or touched: " + TouchedOrPoured + "\n")
 
    DelayTouchedOrPoured++
    Msg(" DelayTouchedOrPoured: " + DelayTouchedOrPoured + "\n")
    Msg(" DelayPoured: " + DelayPoured + "\n")
 
    if (( DelayTouchedOrPoured >= DelayTouchedOrPouredThreshold ) || ( DelayPoured >= DelayPourThreshold ))
    // This is for c1m4_delay.nut (c1m4_delay.nut also resets the counter for Poured and TouchOrPoured)
    {
        AbortDelay()
    }
 
    switch( TouchedOrPoured ) //For stopping the InitialOnslaught (first stage)
    {
        case GimmeThreshold:
            EntFire( "@director", "EndCustomScriptedStage" )
            break
    }
}
//-----------------------------------------------------
 
function AddTableToTable( dest, src )
// This function is used to move table keys and values to other tables
{
	foreach( key, val in src )
	{
		dest[key] <- val
	}
}
 
function OnBeginCustomFinaleStage( num, type )
// Special Function every time a finale stage starts.
// Instructions in this function set DirectorOptions for PANIC and TANK
{
	printl( "Beginning custom finale stage " + num + " of type " + type );
 
	local waveOptions = null
	if ( num == 1 )
	{
		waveOptions = InitialOnslaughtOptions
	}
	else if ( type == PANIC )
	{
		waveOptions = PanicOptions
		waveOptions.MegaMobSize = PanicOptions.MegaMobMinSize + rand()%( PanicOptions.MegaMobMaxSize - PanicOptions.MegaMobMinSize )
 
		Msg("*************************" + waveOptions.MegaMobSize + "\n")
 
	}
	else if ( type == TANK )
	{
		waveOptions = TankOptions
	}
 
	//---------------------------------
 
 
	MapScript.DirectorOptions.clear()
 
 
	AddTableToTable( MapScript.DirectorOptions, SharedOptions );
 
	if ( waveOptions != null )
	{
		AddTableToTable( MapScript.DirectorOptions, waveOptions );
	}
 
 
	Director.ResetMobTimer()
 
	if ( developer() > 0 )
	{
		Msg( "\n*****\nMapScript.DirectorOptions:\n" );
		foreach( key, value in MapScript.DirectorOptions )
		{
			Msg( "    " + key + " = " + value + "\n" );
		}
 
		if ( LocalScript.rawin( "DirectorOptions" ) )
		{
			Msg( "\n*****\nLocalScript.DirectorOptions:\n" );
			foreach( key, value in LocalScript.DirectorOptions )
			{
				Msg( "    " + key + " = " + value + "\n" );
			}
		}
	}
}
 
//-----------------------------------------------------
 
 
if ( Director.GetGameMode() == "coop" )
{
}
else if ( Director.GetGameMode() == "versus" ) // Allow tanks and witches in VS
{
	SharedOptions.ProhibitBosses = false
}

c1m4_delay.nut

This script is loaded whenever an onslaught stage is started, with the exception of the first one.

  • Calls logic_timer entities to start a timer to move onto the next stage
  • The stage ends either by expired time (timer_delay_end) or gas can pour and touch (timer_delay_abort)
Msg("**Delay started**\n")
 
DirectorOptions <-
{
	MobMinSize = 2
	MobMaxSize = 3
 
	BoomerLimit = 0
	SmokerLimit = 0
	HunterLimit = 0
	SpitterLimit = 0
	JockeyLimit = 0
	ChargerLimit = 0
 
	MinimumStageTime = 15
 
	CommonLimit = 5
}
 
Director.ResetMobTimer() //Start the above onslaught settings immediately
 
 
// start the delay timer
EntFire( "timer_delay_end", "enable" )
 
//reset for this stage (PANIC and TANK depend on other factors)
DelayTouchedOrPoured   <- 0
DelayPoured            <- 0
//-------------------------------------------------
 
 
// abort the delay if a survivor picks up or pours a gas can
// Function called by c1m4_atrium_finale.nut
function AbortDelay()
{
    Msg("**Delay aborted early**\n")    
    EntFire( "timer_delay_abort", "enable" )
}
 
// called by the timers themselves
// These EntFired timers MUST be the same targetname in the map!
function EndDelay()
{
        Msg("**Delay ended**\n") 
        EntFire( "timer_delay_end", "Disable" )
        EntFire( "timer_delay_end", "ResetTimer" )
        EntFire( "timer_delay_abort", "Disable" )
        EntFire( "timer_delay_abort", "ResetTimer" )
        EntFire( "@director", "EndCustomScriptedStage" )
}



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