GameUI

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Not to be confused with the game_ui entity.

GameUI is the code which provides the VGUI 'frontend': broadly speaking, the main menu and loading screens.

GameUI panels are children of their own dedicated panel ("GameUI Panel"). The client's RootPanel is used only for in-game HUD elements.

Contents

Source 2009

Source 2009 GameUI. Closed source.

In the original branches of Source (from Episode One to The Orange Box), GameUI is a closed engine library manipulable to a limited extent by editing .res script files. These define properties like width, height, element location, and so on. You can add new non-interactive elements, and with a bit of effort hide existing ones.

It is possible to create new VGUI panels that behave in exactly the same way as GameUI ones. Starting with Source 2013 (which uses elements from Team Fortress 2), such panels can override the default main menu with four new functions included in IGameUI.

Left 4 Dead

Left 4 Dead branch GameUI. Alien Swarm's SDK provides the code.

The Alien Swarm SDK contains the complete source for the newer L4D-style GameUI, which has been moved into the client library. It has been redesigned for consoles' lack of a pointing device: everything is integrated into the same navigable menu system, and you can't be in more than area at once. It's also far, far easier to program.

Tip:VGUI panels very similar to Source 2009 ones can still be created with this incarnation of the code.

Creating a new window

  1. Create a new class, inheriting from CBaseModFrame.
  2. Create an accompanying "<class name>.res" script in game\resource\ui\basemodui\.
  3. Add a new entry to the WINDOW_TYPE enum.
  4. Edit the enormous switch in CBaseModPanel::OpenWindow() to include your new enum and class.

The ugly enum/switch indirection is presumably designed to allow a single "window type" value to open slightly different window objects depending on the UI's state. Too bad Valve haven't found any excuse to do that yet!

Opening windows

Use CBaseModFrame* CBaseModPanel::OpenWindow():

#include "gameui\swarm\basemodpanel.h"
 
using namespace BaseModUI;
 
void openwindow()
{
	CBaseModFrame* mainMenu = CBaseModPanel::GetSingleton().GetWindow( WT_MAINMENU );
	CBaseModPanel::GetSingleton().OpenWindow( WT_GAMESETTINGS, mainMenu );
}

The arguments are:

WINDOW_TYPE &wt
An enum value that defines which precise window to open.
CBaseModFrame* caller
The window which requested this one to open. Among other things, this becomes the target of 'back' buttons on the new window.
bool hidePrevious
Hides caller if true.
KeyValues* pParameters
Passed on to the new window.

OnOpen() is called on the opened window.

Startup

The initialization sequence is:

  1. CGameUI::Initialize()
  2. CBaseModPanel::RunFrame()
  3. CBaseModPanel::OnGameUIActivated()
  4. CBaseModPanel::OpenFrontScreen()
  5. CBaseModPanel::OpenWindow()

CBaseModPanel is a singleton; CBaseModFrame is the base class of all windows.

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