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edict_t ("entity dictionary") is an interface struct that allows entities to cross the client/server divide: with one attached, an entity has the same index at both ends. The edict also manages the state of the entity's DataTable and provides a common representation across all DLLs. It cannot be used on the client.

Note.png Note: An edict is not reliable between frames, as it can be freed from one entity and and reallocated to another at any time. Use CHandle for long-term storage.
Warning.png Warning: Never modify edict_t or CBaseEdict. If the memory footprint of either changes, engine DLLs will start accessing invalid addresses.

Edict limit

Source can have up to 2048 edicts allocated at any one time. Going over will cause the engine to exit with an error message.


Edicts are assigned by CBaseEntity::PostConstructor(). If your entity won't ever need to be transmitted to the client, construct it like so:

CMyEntity() : CBaseEntity(true) { /* your constructor code */ }
Tip.png Tip: CServerOnlyEntity already does this. CLogicalEntity inherits, and as such none of Valve's logic entities or VPhysics constraints have edicts.

Edict-less entities count toward non-networked entity limit, which is also 2048.


edict_t* CBaseEntity::edict()
Simple accessor. Returns null if there is no edict.
edict_t* INDEXENT( int iEdictNum )
int ENTINDEX( edict_t* pEdict )
Converts between an entity index and its attached edict.
int GetEntityCount()
Returns the current number of assigned edicts (not entities).


void CBaseEntity::NetworkProp()->AttachEdict(edict_t* pRequiredEdict);
Assigns an edict via the entity's CServerNetworkProperty object. Pass NULL unless a specific edict is required.
void CBaseEntity::NetworkProp()->DetachEdict()
Detaches the entity's assigned edict. It will go back into the edict pool for re-use.

Notable members

CBaseEntity* GetUnknown()->GetBaseEntity()
Pointer to the entity's local representation.
char* GetClassName()
The classname of the assigned entity.
bool IsFree()
Whether there is currently an entity assigned to this edict.
float freetime
The server timestamp at which the edict was last freed. Can be used to avoid reallocating the edict immediately.
bool HasStateChanged()
Whether anything in the DataTable needs transmission.
void StateChanged()
Tell the edict of a change to the entity's DataTable that needs transmission.
IServerEntity* GetIServerEntity()
IServerNetworkable* GetNetworkable()
ICollideable* GetCollideable()
Accessors to various interfaces.

See also