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January 2024

All entities that are collideable have a CollisionProperty. There's an accessor in CBaseEntity called CollisionProp() that lets you access/interact with collision functionality. Here is an overview of some of the functionality contained in the collision property:

Entities that use VPhysics also have a IPhysicsObject which provides additional collision properties related to vphysics simulation.

For the entity's motion, the collision property's solid type (CollisionProp()->SetSolid()) determines what type of collision primitive to use for tests.

There is also unsigned int CBaseEntity::PhysicsSolidMaskForEntity( void ) const which determines what types of contents are solid for the entity. Most things are CONTENTS_SOLID, but there are a set of flags (mostly used by the BSP compiler) that can specialize contents to be filtered by certain traces or movement types. An example of this is CONTENTS_GRATE which is applied to brushes textured with textures that should be solid for movement, but not for bullets or line of sight tests.

Otherwise CBaseEntity::m_CollisionGroup determines which other entities will collide with this one. The rules for which collision groups collide are in CGameRules::ShouldCollide() and can be customized to suit the needs of a particular mod.

Surrounding bounds

Surrounding bounds are used as a coarse test for many queries like collision and visibility.

For example, ray/box traces are first checked against the collision property's surrounding bounds to determine whether to then check for intersections with hitboxes on players. So a player's surrounding bounds need to be configured so that they always enclose any hitboxes that should be checked.

By default the surrounding bounds are computed as a box that surrounds the collision hull. If the collision hull is smaller than the hitboxes, the surrounding bounds must be enlarged to guarantee a proper hitbox test. It can be customized by calling:

CollisionProp()->SetSurroundingBoundsType( USE_GAME_CODE );

The parameter can be any of these:

enum SurroundingBoundsType_t
	USE_BEST_COLLISION_BOUNDS,		// Always use the best bounds (most expensive)


USE_HITBOXES will simply transform all hitboxes and build a surrounding box around those. This can be expensive to do every frame (players generally move every frame), but may be the simplest way to solve any hitbox problems.

USE_GAME_CODE lets a programmer customize the bounds as needed by calling a virtual defined in the entity's class:

virtual void			ComputeWorldSpaceSurroundingBox( Vector *pWorldMins, Vector *pWorldMaxs );

USE_SPECIFIED_BOUNDS could also be used to solve this problem by specifying a constant box that is always larger than the space occupied by hitboxes in any animation. As a trade off, this will be cheaper than USE_HITBOXES as the player animates and moves, but more a conservative boundary resulting in more hitbox queries happening against ray tests that miss. The highest performance method will depend on the mod's number of players moving vs. number of ray/box traces computed against players (and how many of those queries actually miss).