TF2/Team Fortress 2 Mapper's Reference

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A quick reference for the numbers and statistics that any Team Fortress 2 level designer should know. Most importantly, use these numbers to help make a map feel in proportion, as TF2 maps are slightly larger than maps for other, more realistic mods.

Model sizes

These are the minimum empty space dimensions required for a model to fit and function in the game. Players can move through spaces with these dimensions, and Engineer structures can be built and operate in them. All sizes are in Hammer Units.

Model Height Width / Depth
Player (standing) 83 49
Player (ducking) 63 49
Sentry gun (level 3) 87 49
Dispenser 83 49
Teleporter 95 57
Minimum 95 57

These are the viewheights of each class. This is how far the player's first person camera is from their feet. Being that these are all taller than Half-Life 2's viewheight of 64, it is a good idea to keep these taller viewheights in mind when considering your map's dimensions.

Class Viewheight
Scout 65
Soldier 68
Pyro 68
Demoman 68
Heavy 75
Engineer 68
Medic 75
Sniper 75
Spy 75

Jump distances

The maximum jump clearances for each class, in Hammer units. A player can clear a gap that is as wide as the Horizontal clearance for his class. He can climb a ledge that is as tall as his Vertical clearance.

Class Jump Type Horizontal Vertical
Scout Normal 320~352 72
Double 608~640 116
Double (Jump followed by Force-A-Nature)  ? 148
Triple ~1108 296
* = wall climb
Normal 224~256 72
1 rocket 992 (1024 max) 448 (576 max)
2 Rocket * N \ A 928~992
3 Rocket * N \ A 1184~1248
4 Rocket * N \ A 1312~1376
Pyro Normal 256~288 72
* = Medic necessary
Normal 250~256 70
1 sticky 2112~2144 728 (928-960 max)
2 stickies over 6000 3072~3104
3 stickies *  ? over 6323
4 stickies *  ? over 7769
Heavy Normal 192~224 72
* = used as platform
Normal 256~288 72
Teleporter *  ? 84
Dispenser * 288~320 127
Sentry * ~315 138
Medic Normal 256~288 72
Sniper Normal 256~288 72
Spy Normal 256~288 72
Maximum  ?  ? over 1952
Note.png Note: All jumps require crouching after jumping in order to reach a ledge at the given height, otherwise vertical clearance is 27 units less. Wall climb requires a Soldier to shoot the wall before reaching the peak of a rocket jump and requires a Demoman to attach a sticky to the wall and detonate it before reaching the peak of a sticky jump. Mappers should keep in mind the limitations of the average player to allow them access to necessary areas while gifting advanced players with access to secret/advantageous areas.

Class Speeds

The speeds below are measured in Hammer units per second. The scout, for example, has a movement speed of 400, so in ten seconds he can cover a distance of up to 4000 Hammer units.

Class Forwards Backwards Underwater
Scout 400 360 320
Soldier 240 216 192
Pyro 300 270 240
Demoman 280 252 224
Heavy 230 207 184
(spun up) 110 99 64
Engineer 300 270 240
Medic 320 288 256
Sniper 300 270 240
(while scoped) 80 80 64
Spy 300 270 240
Note.png Note: For a rough idea of how many seconds it takes a certain class to go from one part of a map to another, divide the distance between the two points in Hammer units by the class speed.

Damage amounts

Note.png Note: For creating breakable obstacles (func_breakable) and/or targets in a map. Damage data gathered using func_breakable's - Min Damage to hurt property. Settings for the entities were: Strength > 1.0, Physical Impact damage scale > 0.1

Class Weapon Type Damage Dealt
Scout Scattergun 60~70
Pistol 10~20
Bat 30~40
Soldier Rocket Launcher 90~100
Shotgun 60~70
Shovel 60~70
Pyro Flamethrower N/A
Shotgun 60~70
Axe 60~70
Demoman Pipe bomb 50~60
Sticky Bomb 110~120
Bottle 60~70
Heavy Minigun 30~40
Shotgun 60~70
Fists 60~70
Engineer Shotgun 60~70
Pistol 10~20
Wrench 60~70
Medic Syringegun 10~20
Bone saw 60~70
Sniper Sniper Rifle (0%) 50~60
Sniper Rifle (100%) 150~160
Submachine gun 1~10
Khukri (knife) 60~70
Spy Revolver 40~50
Knife 40~50

Pickup properties

Health pickups

Ammo pickups

Room dimensions

These are some general room dimensions from the popular maps to help gauge the proportions of your level. This section is not intended to provide detailed specifics on individual room layouts, decorations, etc.


Room X Y Z
Ramp Room resupply 512 464 240
Long Hallway into Ramp Room 1024 128 180
Ramp Room 576 736 492*
Inner Sewer tunnel 1136 192 192
Flag Room 704 528 304
Inner Sewer water (puts out fire if crouched) - - 42
Note.png Note: * This room has a skybox ceiling. The listed height refers to the top of the walls or other geometry.

Map prefixes

Main article: Map prefixes


  • arena - Arena
  • cp - Control Point
  • ctf - Capture the Flag
  • pl - Payload
  • tc - Territorial Control
  • plr - Payload Race
  • koth - King of the Hill
  • sd - Special Delivery
  • mvm - Mann vs. Machine
  • rd - Robot Destruction


  • dm - Deathmatch
  • core - Core Destruction game mode- must destroy the primary core to win the round.
  • dom - Domination
  • JUMP/rj - Fun skill maps that have little or no competitive fighting, but rather are for players to practice using Soldier or Demoman classes, using their explosive weaponry to propel themselves to difficult heights, or through difficult obstacles. (Examples include: rj_rocketeer, JUMP_HOBO)
  • tr - Training
  • kotf/ktf - King of the flag. The intel must be held for an allotted amount of time for a successful capture. Only one flag.
  • surf - Surfing map. Players strafe into angled surfaces, exploiting the game's physics to reach high speeds. Servers require an increased "sv_airaccelerate" value, ususally 100 or 150. Maps may be played as cp, ctf, dm, arena, or skill. (skill-surf simply being a challenging map that involves no deathmatch)
  • vip - Hunted map, to be used with the Hunted Mod
  • ph - Prophunt, Red team is turned into various props, and given an amount of time to hide around the map. Blue team must find them all before the round ends. Usually when there is one prop left alive, they are given their weapons back and Blue team is coated with Jarate. To be used with the Prophunt (Hide and Seek) mod.
  • vsh - VS Saxton Hale, used with the Versus Saxton Hale mod and the Freak Fortress 2 mod.
  • pf - Parkour Fortress, used with the Slag Gaming Parkour Fortress mod
  • dr - Deathrun, Red team must survive a course of map-based traps activated by a player on Blue team. Used with either VSH or a similar mod.
  • mge - One-on-one deathmatch with the "My Gaming Edge" mod

Other Info

Some other useful reference info for mappers that didn't fit into the categories above:

  • Maximum "walkable" height of a single stair step: 18
  • Minimum width required to "walk" from one stair step to the another: 0.04
  • Maximum height to fall from before taking damage: 269
  • Maximum distance a spy can travel while cloaked: 3000
  • Maximum distance a medic can travel while ubercharged: 3200
  • Maximum distance a demoman can launch a sticky grenade: 1600
  • Maximum surface height an engineer can build on by jumping from the top of a sentry: 188
  • Maximum slope an engineer can build on: 17/32 (rise/run)
  • Maximum detection range of a sentry gun: 1024
  • Minimum ceiling height required for an engineer to build a:
    • dispenser: 64
    • sentry: 68
    • teleporter: 95
  • Maximum distance a demoman can charge using the Chargin' Targe: 1152


  • The Source of many numbers on this page come from the mapping reference "Tutorial Heights" by Amakiir.
  • August 15, 2009
  • Description: "I have color coded the map. Orange means all classes. Red means scout. White means double jump where one is a normal jump and one is a Force-A-Nature jump. Blue means engineer. Starting clockwise from where you spawn: The maximum height of a fall without taking damage. [269]; The maximum height of a crouch jump. [72]; The maximum height of a normal double jump. [116]; The maximum height of a single jump followed by a Force-A-Nature shot aimed straight down. [148]; The maximum height of a triple jump. [192]; The minimum size of a hallway (height and width). [83 x 49 (height x width)]; The minimum size of a hallway in order to build a teleporter. [95 x57 (height x width)]; The maximum slope for constructing buildings upon. [85/160 (Rise/run)]; The maximum height an engineer can build (standing on a sentry gun). [188]
  • Made by Amakiir