L4D2 Level Design/Weapon and Item Spawning
Weapon placement capability in L4D2 maps has been expanded and enhanced. While you can still place specific weapon and item entities as in L4D1, the new
weapon_spawn allows more flexibility by allowing the A.I. Director to procedurally generate your player's arsenal. Another benefit of using these new spawn entities is that they will provide matching items for both versus/scavenge teams.
Placing Weapon Spawners
Using the 3D view, navigate to the starting area in the map and click to place a weapon spawn on the table. You should see an older weapon spawn in the instance. Just place it next to it.
Although it appears in the Hammer viewport as an M16 rifle for placement purposes, what it spawns as during gameplay will vary.
Let's restrict this weapon spawn to tier 1 primary, so we can save tier 2 for later in the map. With the recently placed weapon_spawn entity selected, open the Properties window and click on the Selection field. From the drop down menu, select "Any tier 1 primary".
As you can see from the drop-down, you can similarly limit it to a certain type of weapon, such as any shotgun, any pistol, etc.
Placing melee weapons procedurally works in much the same way using the
weapon_melee spawn entity. Go ahead and place one of these and open up the Properties dialog.
The weapons that you want to allow to spawn at this location have to be included in the text field. Names include:
Any– director will place any available melee weapon
You may also list multiple specific melee weapons separated by a comma, and the director will select from among that subset of weapons:
Note: the riot shield lays flat at a different orientation than most of the other weapons: 90 0 0 rather than 0 0 90.
Item spawning works in much the same way, with the
weapon_item_spawn providing a way to spawn any one of a set of items. Let's go ahead and add a couple to the arsenal on the table.
Under Properties, you can specify the items that you wish to allow by changing their value to
Similarly, laser sights and ammo upgrade packs are placed using the
Go ahead and run your map. Each time you reload it, you should see a different collections of weapons, with the exception of the L4D1 shotgun in the original instance. That will remain the same since it is a weapon_pumpshotgun_spawn.