In this tutorial you will learn how to create a 1500-Megawatt Aperture Science Heavy-Duty Supercolliding Superbutton which when stepped on or weighted down with a box will open a specified door.
The door setup
First thing is to make the door which will open on activation of the button.
Create a prop_static in your door way. The World Model should be set to "
models/props/door_01_frame_reference.mdl" or "
models/props/door_01_frame_wide_reference.mdl" (either one works).
1. Create a prop_dynamic with the following settings:
Property Name Value World Model models/props/door_01_lftdoor_reference.mdl Name door_left_model
Align it to the left, inside of the door frame.
2. Create a
56Lx8Wx104H block brush with texture nodraw centered and inside the door model. Tie it to a func_door entity by selecting the object and using the menu option "Tie to Entity". The func_door entity should have the following settings:
Property Name Value Name door_left Speed 250 Stop Sound Doors.FullClose8 Delay before Reset -1 Lip 12 Move Direction (This will be different for which way your door is facing)
Also make sure that you un-check Touch opens under Flags.
The best way to ensure you have the correct Move Direction is to first mark the direction on the circular indicator, then round to the nearest 90 degrees (so long as your doors are intended to be square with the Hammer coordinate system). You can click the "Point At" button by the circular indicator and then click on the 3d view. The angle from the entity to the place you clicked will then be listed as "angles" in the property list.
3. Repeat steps 1-3 but change the following:
Property Name Value World Model models/props/door_01_rtdoor_reference.mdl Name door_right_model
And for the func_door:
Property Name Value Name door_right Move Direction (The opposite of the move direction for the left door)
4. Set the parent of
prop_dynamic) to "door_left". Also set the parent of
door_right_model to "door_right".
1. Create a
prop_static with a World Model of "
2. Create a
prop_dynamic aligned on top of the
prop_static with the following settings:
Property Name Value World Model models/props/button_top_reference.mdl Name button_top_model
Property Name Value Name button_top_door Speed 25 Delay before Reset -1 Move Direction 90 0 0 (or Down)
Also make sure nothing is checked under Flags.
2. Set the Parent of
button_top_model to be "button_top_door".
Property Name Value Name button_trigger_player
We will set up the Output later. Also make sure to only have the flag: Client set.
2. Next create a
7Wx7Lx1H cylinder brush with 8 sides and textured with trigger texture applied. Put this brush directly on top and in the center of the
button_top_model and tie it to a
trigger_multiple with the following settings:
Property Name Value Name button_trigger_box
And only the following Flags are checked:
- Physics Objects
We will set up the Output later.
3. Create a filter_activator_name nearby your button with the following settings:
Property Name Value Name button_filter_boxes Filter Name (The name your box entity has)
4. Select your
button_trigger_box trigger and set the Filter Name to "button_filter_boxes".
5. Create two ambient_generic entities and give one the following settings:
Property Name Value Name button_down Sound Name Portal.button_down Source Entity Name button_top_model
and the other with
Property Name Value Name button_up Sound Name Portal.button_up Source Entity Name button_top_model
6. Now go back and select the cylinder
func_door brush under the button, "button_top_door" and setup the Outputs as below:
7. Select the larger
trigger_multiple, "button_trigger_player" and setup the Output as below:
8. Select the smaller, cylinder
trigger_multiple, "button_trigger_box" and setup the Output as below:
9. Finally, create a light entity underneath the top of the button but still inside the base. Give it the following properties:
Property Name Value Brightness 251 159 57 30 BrightnessHDR 251 159 57 20
You have now created a button which will open a door by a player standing on the button or a box weighing it down. Only those two things will work on it.
Making a hole in the wall
While this step is optional, and your door may be fully functional without it, your map will look especially awkward if you just have a door in the middle of a space, and even more so if you have walls around it to block the player before opening the door. This step is simple enough, so it is recommended that you try it out.
clipping the hole
The door hole must not be carved. always clipped. Make a 128 height by 128 width block around the door.
Using the clip tool, trace the outline of the door frame. Make sure not to leave gaps that aren't covered up by the door frame.
Once you have cut around the door frame, delete the part that is blocking the door. Select the rest of the brush left behind, and click the "to entity" button to turn it into a Func_detail.
You now have a hole that the door can fit into, and can be easily placed in portal maps.
This is the most basic button and door setup. You can also have the triggers turn off or on other things in the map, have them trigger a logic_choreographed_scene or just about anything. For the Portal feel you can have them trigger Indicator Lights based on the button up or down status.
If you do decide to use Indicator Lights, then make sure to have the func_door (The Nodraw cylinder) Set Outputs when it closes, and opens. When it opens, set the texture Index to 1, and when it closes, set the texture index to 0, via a env_texturetoggle that controls the lights.